Topography - RTE Moscow :
General Information about Thailand
By and large, four regions are distinguished: the North; the Central Plain with the Chao Phraya River Basin and some other, smaller rivers basins; the North-east, also known as the Khorat Plateau; and the South on the northern half of the Malay Peninsula.
The north is a mountainous region with narrow valleys. Hence, its landscape is dotted with forests, rivers, paddy fields and orchards. Located in its northern part are the historical centres of Chiang Saen, Phayao, Nan, Phrae, Lampang, Lamphun, Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son. The centre of its southern part is the historical capital of Sukhothai, flanked by Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng Phet.
The Central Region is a vast area of alluvial, lush and fertile plains. It is the leading rice-producing area and has often been called the “Rice Bowl of Asia”. Siam’s historical capital Ayutthaya, as well as Lop Buri, the country’s official second capital since the middle of the 19th century, and Bangkok, the capital of Thailand since 1782, are located in this region. Its eastern and western flanks are covered by some of the country’s outstanding nature reserves.
The North- east or Khorat Plateau forms the largest region, covering one-third of the country. It is bordered by two high mountain ranges and has in its interior mountains and undulating hills. Harsh climatic conditions cause either floods or droughts, the latter frequently in the region’s southern semi-arid part. Yet the premium rice variety. Khao Hom Mali or Jasmine Rice, is grown there. Magnificent historical monuments dot the landscape.
The south is hilly to mountainous, with dense virgin forests and rich deposits of minerals and ores. In history, this was the Golden Chersonese, the peninsula where East and West met to trade at its thriving coastal entrepots. Since long, this region is also known for the production of agricultural commodities such as rubber, palm oil, coffee and fruits. Owing to its fabulous beaches and reefs, it has become a tourism hub, in the recent past.
Source: Royal Thai Embassy, MoscowRead more: