Historical Background - RTE Moscow :
General Information about Thailand
As revealed through archeological discoveries made in various locations in the territory of present-day Thailand, these are sites where during the evolution of hemo erectus primordial hunters, trappers and gatherers had lived, and some of the first settlements evolve of people who had worked the soil, grown crops, created tools, utensils, and artifacts, and venerated guardian spirits, beginning several thousand years ago. Early in history, both Mon and Khmer speaking people occupied large areas of what is modern Thailand; the former established several city states know collectively as Dvaravati, the name given their culture and arts; the latter ruled over extensive territory from their capital of Angkor in present-day Cambodia. The Thai gradually migrated southward from river basins in present-day south-western China and settled in sufficient numbers to establish their small states in north of present-day Thailand, well before the 13th century.
Until 1949 the country was known to the world as “Siam”. On May 11 of that year, by official proclamation its name was finally changed to “Prathet Thai”, or Thailand in English. The word “Thai” means free and therefore “Thailand” means “Land of the Free”.
Source: Royal Thai Embassy, MoscowRead more: