Overview - RTE Moscow :
Education in Thailand
Contemporary educational system in Thailand adopts fundamental structure from the Western systems, especially from Britain, and United States. Compulsory education was instituted in the 1920s for the purpose of ensuring that all citizens—female as well as male—would share the national language and identify with the national heritage. Prior to that time, education had consisted primarily of males being taught by monks at Buddhist temples. By the late 1930s almost all children of school age in the country attended schools established by the government, although few went beyond the four years of basic primary education. Those who did attend secular secondary and tertiary institutions, monastic schools, or military and police academies typically entered government service after completing their schooling.
The linking of government-sponsored education to economic development goals in the 1960s precipitated a radical transformation in Thailand's educational system in the last decades of the 20th century. By the early 21st century, education had been made compulsory for nine years or until a person reached the age of 16, and three years of high school were provided by the government. Since 2004 two years of preschool have also been provided free of charge.
Furthermore, the most-dramatic changes had taken place in Thai higher education earlier at the beginning of last Century. Universities have proliferated from the first one founded in Bangkok in 1917 (Chulalongkorn University) to dozens of state and private institutions spread across the country. There are also numerous teachers' colleges, as well as open universities, military and police academies, and universities for monks that offer bachelor's degrees. Some postsecondary students who do not attend university obtain further education in business and technical schools. Compared to other countries in the region, Thailand has one of the highest literacy rates: nearly universal for both men and women.